Hypersensitivity of teeth: causes and methods of treatment.
Hypersensitivity of teeth is an unpleasant phenomenon that many people face. It significantly worsens the quality of life, prevents eating and drinking, and also causes inconvenience in communication. Let's look at the causes and methods of treatment of hypersensitivity of teeth.
The most common sign of hypersensitivity of teeth is pain when in contact with an irritant. Most often this happens when eating or drinking, especially hot or cold drinks and foods.
Symptoms may also include:
- Unpleasant discomfort when taking sweet, sour or strong drinks or food;
- Hypersensitivity to cold air or wind;
- Unpleasant sensations when brushing teeth.
Causes of hypersensitivity of teeth.
Consider the most common causes of hypersensitivity of teeth:
1. Erosion of tooth enamel. This is the most common cause of hypersensitivity of teeth. The reason may be the frequent use of acidic drinks or food, as well as non-compliance with the rules of oral hygiene.
2. Thawing of teeth. This can occur with a sharp temperature drop or in contact with hot or cold food.
3. Caries. Caries can cause increased sensitivity of the teeth if it reaches the nerve of the tooth.
4. Periodontal disease. With periodontal disease, the sensitive surface of the tooth is exposed, which can cause pain when in contact with an irritant.
5. Malocclusion. Unevenness or damage to the teeth can cause increased sensitivity of the teeth.
Treatment of tooth sensitivity.
Treatment of tooth sensitivity depends on the cause of its occurrence. With minor symptoms, you can use special toothpastes that help strengthen the enamel and reduce sensitivity.
For more serious symptoms, you should contact a dentist who will diagnose and determine the optimal treatment method, which may include:
- The use of special gels or pastes for anesthesia;
- Applying special coatings to damaged teeth;
- Treatment of caries and filling of cavities;
- Procedures for strengthening tooth enamel.
It is important to remember that hypersensitivity of teeth can be a sign of more serious dental and oral health problems. Therefore, if you have symptoms of tooth sensitivity, be sure to consult a dentist. Regular visits to the dentist can help prevent many problems and maintain dental health for many years.